A Mobile application, most commonly referred to as an app, is a type of application software designed to run on a mobile device, such as a smartphone or tablet computer. Mobile applications frequently serve to provide users with similar services to those accessed on PCs.
Mobile application testing is a process by which application software developed for hand held mobile devices is tested for its functionality, usability and consistency. Especially Android mobile application test different from every other devices:
Gone are the days when the telephone used to be an appliance that sat in a corner and had to ring to get our attention or a computer was a machine only few people used – they are now an extension of our being- a window to the world and virtual servants that do as they are told. Computers were a rage and changed how we humans thought, behaved, learnt and existed.
Types of Mobile Testing
There are broadly 2 kinds of testing that take place on mobile devices:
1. Hardware testing:
The device including the internal processors, internal hardware, screen sizes, resolution, space or memory, camera, radio, Bluetooth, wifi etc. This is sometimes referred to as, simple “Mobile Testing”.
2. Software or Application testing:
The applications that work on mobile devices and their functionality is tested. It is called the “Mobile Application Testing” to differentiate it from the earlier method. Even in the mobile applications, there are few basic differences that are important to understand:
a) Native apps: A native application is created for use on a platform like mobile and tablets.
b) Mobile web apps are server-side apps to access website/s on mobile using different browsers like chrome, Firefox by connecting to a mobile network or wireless network like wifi.
c) Hybrid apps are combinations of native app and web app. They run on devices or offline and are written using web technologies like HTML 5 and CSS
There are few basic differences that set these apart:
- Native apps have single platform affinity while mobile web apps have cross platform affinity.
- Native apps are written in platforms like SDKs while Mobile web apps are written with web technologies like html, css, asp.net, java, php.
- For a native app, installation is required but for mobile web apps, no installation is required.
- Native app can be updated from play store or app store while mobile web apps are centralized updates.
- Many native app don’t require Internet connection but for mobile web apps it’s a must.
- Native app works faster when compared to mobile web apps.
- Native apps are installed from app stores like Google play store or app store where mobile web are websites and are only accessible through Internet.